RSPCA Australia knowledgebase RSS

How do young calves cope with transport?

Fri, 2018-10-05 16:25
Calves are legally able to be transported at 5 days old or, if transported directly to a calf-rearing facility, at less than 5 days old. However, older calves are better able to withstand the stressors of transport which include loading and...

Is group housing preferable to individual housing of dairy calves?

Fri, 2018-10-05 16:24
Calves born in a natural environment will begin interacting with each other at around 1-2 weeks of age when the dam (mother) will leave their calf with a group of other calves and graze nearby. Before then, the calf is either with their dam or...

Why are calves separated from their mother in the dairy industry?

Fri, 2018-10-05 16:24
For cows to produce milk, they have to give birth to a calf. Standard dairy industry practice is to separate calves within 24 hours of birth. This is done to reduce the risk of disease transmission to the calf (e.g. Bovine Johne’s Disease, a...

How much milk should dairy calves be fed?

Fri, 2018-10-05 16:23
Common dairy industry practice is to feed unweaned calves around 10% of calf body weight in milk daily. However, this amount of milk is about half of what calves would typically drink (around 10 litres of milk over 8-12 feeds per day) in the first...

Why is colostrum feeding important for calves?

Fri, 2018-10-05 16:23
Colostrum is a fluid produced by the pregnant cow prior to giving birth to her calf in readiness for the calf at first suckling. Calves are born with little to no immunity and colostrum provides the calf with antibodies that protect it from...

What is veal?

Fri, 2018-10-05 16:22
Veal crates are not used in Australia. The system of veal production where calves spend their entire lives in individual crates with solid wooden sides that do not allow the animal to turn around or express natural behaviours, are not used in...

What is calving induction?

Fri, 2018-10-05 16:21
Calving induction involves administering a drug to dairy cows to stimulate calving before full term. Some dairy farmers do this to coordinate calving for the herd to ‘come into milk’ over a set period of time. The RSPCA is opposed to the...

Does the RSPCA have animal welfare standards for dairy production?

Fri, 2018-10-05 16:20
The RSPCA Approved Farming Scheme at present covers the production of eggs, pork, chicken and turkey. RSPCA-Approved farms maintain a high level of welfare for the housing and management of layer hens, pigs, meat chickens and turkeys. Given the...

What happens to bobby calves?

Fri, 2018-10-05 16:19
For cows to produce milk, they have to give birth to a calf. Most calves are separated from their mother within 24 hours of birth to reduce the risk of disease transmission to the calf, and most do not stay on the farm for long. The term ‘bobby...

What do I need to know before I get a new pet?

Mon, 2018-09-17 07:29
For many Australians a pet is an important part of the family. While owning a pet can be extremely rewarding, it is important to remember that pet ownership is also a huge responsibility. As a pet owner you will be committed to providing for all...

What are Feline Immunodeficiency Virus (FIV) and Feline Leukaemia (FeLV) and how do I protect my cat from them?

Mon, 2018-09-17 07:25
There are a number of feline viruses in Australia which can cause illness in cats. In addition to the three most common viruses, feline herpesvirus, feline calicivirus and feline panleukopenia (enteritis), there are two other important viruses...

Why is my cat urinating inappropriately?

Mon, 2018-09-17 07:21
Feline inappropriate urination (urinating in the wrong place) is a common issue for cat owners. It often involves the cat urinating outside their litter box in an inappropriate area or on an inappropriate object. The causes are generally medical or...

How do I stop my cat from scratching the furniture?

Mon, 2018-09-17 07:19
If you have a cat that scratches the furniture or carpet, you are not alone. This is a common behaviour described by cat owners, which is both natural and innate. Even though the urge to scratch is normal, scratching inappropriate places is a...

How can I help my cat adjust to a new home?

Mon, 2018-09-17 07:18
Cats are territorial animals and can find moving house a very stressful experience. However, there are a few measures you can take to reduce your cat’s stress and ensure a smooth transition between homes. Ensure that your cat is moved between...

Are curfews for domestic cats mandatory?

Mon, 2018-09-17 07:16
State Yes/No Details of conditions and any associated laws ACT No Cat curfews can be declared in a suburb or area of a suburb if there is a serious nature conservation threat as a result of cat activities in the area. Cat...

How can I reduce or prevent my cat from hunting prey?

Mon, 2018-09-17 07:15
Cats are very efficient and prolific hunters. Research has shown that domestic cats can have individual preferences for different types of prey and that they will continue to hunt preferred prey even when their numbers are low [1]. In some...

How do I litter-train my cat?

Mon, 2018-09-17 07:15
Most cats will instinctively use a litter tray from a very early age. Once you have settled your cat into their new environment, you will need to determine the best place for their litter tray. Choose an area away from your cat’s food and water...

Is it okay to keep my cat at home all of the time?

Mon, 2018-09-17 07:13
Yes, there are many benefits to keeping your cat safe at home (contained within your property boundaries). Contained cats are less likely to become lost or injured (hit by a car or attacked by a dog). They are also less likely to get into cat...

Should pet greyhounds have to wear muzzles?

Tue, 2018-09-04 13:35
In all States/Territories of Australia, except the Northern Territory, Australian Capital Territory and some local council areas in Queensland, there is a compulsory requirement for pet greyhounds to wear a muzzle in public. Victoria will remove...

RSPCA Policy A08 Dog management

Mon, 2018-09-03 08:46
8.1 RSPCA Australia recognises that responsible dog ownership means owners accepting full responsibility for dogs in terms of their welfare, as well as meeting the standards for dog management that are expected by the community (see A1). ...

Pages